Routine Blood tests are a standard part of routine and preventive healthcare. A doctor will often order a blood test before or following a physical examination or may also order blood tests to evaluate specific conditions.
At AGIOMIX, the following tests are done routinely.
- Complete blood count (CBC)
- FBS (Fasting Blood Sugar)
- Urine Analysis
- Lipoprotein Profile (LDL, HDL, Total Cholesterol and Triglycerides level)
- Uric Acid, Urea, Creatinine,
- Amylase, Sodium, Potassium, Chloride, Calcium,
- Total Bilirubin, Alkaline Phosphatase, AST/SGOT, ALT/SGPT,
- Gamma Glutamyl Transferase, Protein – Ttal, Albumin, Globulin, TSH,
- Vitamin D
A complete blood count (CBC) measures a variety of the blood’s components, such as:
- Red Blood Cells
- White Blood Cells
- Mean corpuscular volume (MCV)
A CBC test helps a doctor identify blood disorders or diseases, such as anemia, issues with clotting, inflammation, infection, or immune system disorders. A person will need to fast before a CBC test only if their doctor asks them to.
If your doctor suspects high levels of inflammation in the body, they may recommend a blood test called an erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) test. It looks at how quickly red blood cells may sink to the bottom of a test tube, with a high rate of settlement indicating high inflammation.
Also called a sedimentation rate test or sed rate test, an ESR test doesn’t diagnose one specific condition. Instead, it helps your doctor determine whether you’re experiencing inflammation and what further testing may be needed. The ESR test can also be used to monitor inflammatory diseases you already have.
You may have a urinalysis as part of a routine check of your overall health, annually is one way to find certain illnesses in their earlier stages. They include:
Your doctor may want to test your urine if you’re getting ready to have surgery or are about to be admitted to the hospital. Urinalysis can be part of a pregnancy checkup, too.
If you have symptoms of a Kidney or urinary tract problem, you may have the tests to help find out what the problem is.
You might also have this test regularly if you have a condition such as a kidney disease that needs to be watched over time.
Blood Enzyme Tests
Blood enzyme tests measure the levels of specific enzymes in the body. The body produces enzymes to help control chemical reactions within the body.
Enzyme blood tests can help a doctor identify specific health problems, including a heart attack. For example, If a doctor suspects a heart attack, they will check the levels of the cardiac troponin enzyme, which the heart releases when it is injured.
Blood Clotting Tests
A blood clotting test, also known as a coagulation panel, looks for a protein that helps the blood to clot. A doctor may order this test if they suspect the person may have a blood clotting disorder.
For example, If a person is taking warfarin or other blood thinning medications, a doctor will likely use a specific blood clotting test as part of routine monitoring.
Fasting Blood Sugar (FBS) and HBA1C
Fasting blood sugar levels give vital clues about how a person is managing their blood sugar. Blood sugar tends to peak about an hour after eating and declines after that.
High fasting blood sugar levels point to insulin resistance or diabetes while abnormally low fasting blood sugar could be due to diabetes medications.
Knowing when to test and what to look for can help people stay healthy, especially if they have diabetes or are at risk of developing the condition.
HBA1C – A glycohemoglobin test, or hemoglobin A1c, is a blood test that checks the amount of sugar (glucose) bound to the hemoglobin in the red blood cells. People who have diabetes or other conditions that increase their blood glucose levels have more glycohemoglobin (sugar bound to hemoglobin) than normal.
HbA1c tells you your average blood glucose (sugar) levels for the last two to three months.
If a doctor wants to assess a person’s risk for developing coronary heart disease or other atherosclerotic problems, they will likely order a lipoprotein, or lipid, panel. A lipoprotein panel will provide information about a person’s:
- low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol level
- high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol level
- total cholesterol level
- triglycerides level in the blood
If the results indicate abnormal levels of any cholesterol or triglycerides, it could indicate that the person is at higher risk of developing cardiovascular disease.
Basic Metabolic Panel
The basic metabolic panel (BMP) measures the levels of different chemicals found in the plasma portion of the blood.
The BMP, also known as a blood chemistry 8 test, provides information about the bones, muscles, and organs.
A doctor will tell an individual whether they need to fast before a BMP test, and for how long.
BMP tests look at the following:
- Uncorrected calcium levels: Abnormal calcium levels could indicate a person has an underlying condition related to their kidneys or bones, cancer, malnutrition, or other diseases.
- Glucose level: Higher than normal blood glucose levels could indicate a person has diabetes or is at risk of developing diabetes. Some people may need to fast before a blood glucose test.
- Kidneys: The presence of excess waste products in the blood, such as blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine, can indicate a problem with the kidneys.
- Electrolytes: The presence of abnormal electrolyte levels could indicate an issue with dehydration, kidneys, or other underlying conditions.
Kidney Function Tests:
To test your kidney function, your doctor will order a set of tests that can estimate your glomerular filtration rate (GFR). Your GFR tells your doctor how quickly your kidneys are clearing waste from your body.
- Urine Analysis
- Serum Creatinine test
- Blood Urea Neutrogen
- Estimated GFR
Liver Function Tests:
Liver function tests, also known as liver chemistries, help determine the health of your liver by measuring the levels of proteins, liver enzymes, and bilirubin in your blood. They can also monitor the progression or treatment of an existing disease.
Depending on the test, either higher- or lower-than-typical levels of these enzymes or proteins can indicate a problem with your liver.
Some of the reasons liver function tests may be performed include screening for diseases such as hepatitis, monitoring the side effects of your medications, and examining the severity of the liver disease.
Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin in a family of compounds that includes vitamins D1, D2, and D3.
Your body produces vitamin D naturally when it’s directly exposed to sunlight. You can also get vitamin D from certain foods and supplements to ensure adequate levels of the vitamin in your blood.
Vitamin D has several important functions. Perhaps the most vital are regulating the absorption of calcium and phosphorus and facilitating normal immune system function (1Trusted Source).
Getting enough vitamin D is important for typical growth and development of bones and teeth, as well as improved resistance to certain diseases.
Why do some tests require fasting?
What a person eats affects the level of specific components in their blood. For example, a person’s blood sugar level, specifically the glucose level, will rise temporarily after eating.
Typically, a person must not eat for several hours before a blood sugar test.
Other tests also require fasting, such as a fasting lipid panel. A person should check with their doctor whether they need to fast before a test.
Who should get routine blood tests?
A person should talk to their doctor about what routine tests they need. A doctor may only order a blood test if they have concerns about other conditions, or they may request a yearly test as part of their preventive health plan.
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